GEMS Correlations with the Florida Sunshine State Standards

Grade Level Expectations and Benchmarks for Science
Grades 3-5

Strand H: The Nature of Science


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Standard 1: The student uses the scientific processes and habits of mind to solve problems.

Benchmark SC.H.1.2.1: The student knows that it is important to keep accurate records and descriptions to provide information and clues on causes of discrepancies in repeated experiments.

Third Grade

1. knows that it is important to keep accurate records and descriptions to provide information and clues on causes of discrepancies in repeated experiments.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Liquid Explorations, Mystery Festival, On Sandy Shores, Schoolyard Ecology, Secret Formulas

Fourth Grade

1. knows that scientists make the results of their investigations public, and they describe the investigations in ways that enable others to repeat the investigation.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Fingerprinting, Mystery Festival, On Sandy Shores, Oobleck, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone

Fifth Grade

1. understands that although the same scientific investigation may give slightly different results when it is carried out by different persons or at different times or places, the general evidence collected from the investigation should be replicable by others.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Animals in Action, Bubble Festival, Bubble-ology, Color Analyzers, Crime Lab Chemistry, Environmental Detectives, Fingerprinting, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Messages From Space, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Of Cabbages and Chemistry, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing, Stories in Stone

Benchmark SC.H.1.2.2.: The student knows that a successful method to explore the natural world is to observe and record, and then analyze and communicate the results.

Third Grade

1. plans and investigates an experiment that defines a problem, proposes a solution, identifies variables, collects and organizes data, interprets data in tables, charts and graphs, analyzes information, makes predictions, and presents and supports findings.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Investigating Artifacts, Liquid Explorations, Mystery Festival, On Sandy Shores, Schoolyard Ecology, Secret Formulas

2. uses various kinds of instruments to collect and analyze information (for example, metersticks, timing devices, graduated cylinders, force meters, pan balances, calipers, microscopes, cameras, sound recorders, hot plates, magnets, collecting nets).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Bubble Festival, Investigating Artifacts, On Sandy Shores, Schoolyard Ecology

Fourth Grade

1. plans and investigates experiments in which hypotheses are formulated based on cause and effect relationships; distinctions are made among observations, conclusions/inferences and predictions; a limited number of variables are controlled; and numerical data that are contradictory or unusual in experimental results are recognized.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Crime Lab Chemistry, Fingerprinting, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Of Cabbages and Chemistry, On Sandy Shores, Oobleck, Schoolyard Ecology

2. uses metric tools to measure, record, and interpret data.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Bubble Festival, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Investigating Artifacts, Moons of Jupiter

Fifth Grade

1. understands that scientists use different kinds of investigations (for example, observations of events in nature, controlled experiments) depending on the questions they are trying to answer.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Bubble-ology, Color Analyzers, Crime Lab Chemistry, Environmental Detectives, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Mapping Animal Movements, Messages From Space, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone

2. understands the importance of accuracy in conducting measurements, and uses estimation when exact measurements are not possible.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Animals in Action, Bubble Festival, Bubble-ology, Environmental Detectives, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Mapping Animal Movements, Messages From Space, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Of Cabbages and Chemistry, Paper Towel Testing, Stories in Stone

Benchmark SC.H.1.2.3: The student knows that to work collaboratively, all team members should be free to reach, explain, and justify their own individual conclusions.

Third Grade

1. knows that to work collaboratively, all team members should be free to reach, explain, and justify their own individual conclusions.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Bubble Festival, Buzzing a Hive, Investigating Artifacts, Involving Dissolving, Liquid Explorations, Mystery Festival, On Sandy
Shores, Schoolyard Ecology, Secret Formulas

Fourth Grade

1. works collaboratively to collect, share, and record information for a scientific investigation.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Bubble Festival, Crime Lab Chemistry, Fingerprinting, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Investigating Artifacts, Microscopic Explorations, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Of Cabbages and Chemistry, On Sandy Shores, Oobleck, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone

Fifth Grade

1. understands the importance of communication among scientists (for example, informing and becoming informed about scientific investigations in progress and the work of others; exposing ideas to the criticism of others).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Bubble Festival, Bubble-ology, Color Analyzers, Crime Lab Chemistry, Earth, Moon, and Stars, Environmental Detectives, Fingerprinting, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Investigating Artifacts, Mapping Animal Movements, Messages From Space, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone

Benchmark SC.H.1.2.4: The student knows that to compare and contrast observations and results is an essential skill in science.

Third Grade

1. knows that to compare and contrast observations and results is an essential skill in science.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Bubble Festival, Investigating Artifacts, Involving Dissolving, Liquid Explorations, Mystery Festival, On Sandy Shores, Schoolyard Ecology, Secret Formulas

Fourth Grade

1. knows that comparisons between experiments can be made when conditions are the same.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Bubble Festival, Crime Lab Chemistry, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Of Cabbages and Chemistry, Oobleck, Stories in Stone

Fifth Grade

1. uses strategies to review, compare and contrast, and critique scientific investigations.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Bubble Festival, Bubble-ology, Color Analyzers, Crime Lab Chemistry, Environmental Detectives, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Investigating Artifacts, Mapping Animal Movements, Messages From Space, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Of Cabbages and Chemistry, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone

2. knows that an experiment must be repeated many times and yield consistent results before the results are accepted.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Animals in Action, Bubble Festival, Bubble-ology, Crime Lab Chemistry, Environmental Detectives, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing

Benchmark SC.H.1.2.5: The student knows that a model of something is different from the real thing, but can be used to learn something about the real thing.

Third Grade

1. uses sketches, diagrams and models to understand scientific ideas.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Buzzing a Hive, Investigating Artifacts, Liquid Explorations, On Sandy Shores, Schoolyard Ecology, Secret Formulas

Fourth Grade

1. knows that a model of something is different from the real thing, but can be used to learn something about the real thing.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Investigating Artifacts, Microscopic Explorations, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, On Sandy Shores, Oobleck, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone

Fifth Grade

1. uses sketches and diagrams to propose scientific solutions to problems.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Bubble-ology, Color Analyzers, Earth, Moon, and Stars, Environmental Detectives, Mapping Animal Movements, Messages From Space, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone

2. constructs models to compare objects in science.

Aquatic Habitats, Bubble-ology, Environmental Detectives, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Messages From Space, Microscopic Explorations, Moons of Jupiter, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Oobleck, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone

Standard 2: The student understands that most natural events occur in comprehensible, consistent patterns.

Benchmark SC.H.2.2.1: The student knows that natural events are often predictable and logical.

Third Grade

1. makes predictions and inferences based on observations.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Bubble Festival, Buzzing a Hive, Investigating Artifacts, Involving Dissolving, Liquid Explorations, Mystery Festival, On Sandy Shores, Schoolyard Ecology, Secret Formulas

2. uses charts and graphs to understand patterns of change.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Liquid Explorations, Mystery Festival, Schoolyard Ecology

Fourth Grade

1. makes predictions based on data from picture graphs, bar graphs, and line graphs.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Fingerprinting, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Mystery Festival, Of Cabbages and Chemistry, Schoolyard Ecology

2. knows basic patterns, sequences, and cycles occurring in nature.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Fingerprinting, Investigating Artifacts, Moons of Jupiter, On Sandy Shores, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone

Fifth Grade

1. makes a prediction for a new investigation using the data from a previous investigation.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Bubble Festival, Bubble-ology, Color Analyzers, Crime Lab Chemistry, Environmental Detectives, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Mapping Animal Movements, Messages From Space, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Of Cabbages and Chemistry, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing, Schoolyard Ecology

2. understands that change is constantly occurring and uses strategies to analyze different patterns of change.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Bubble Festival, Bubble-ology, Earth, Moon, and Stars,
Environmental Detectives, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Investigating Artifacts, Mapping Animal Movements, Ocean Currents, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone

Standard 3: The student understands that science, technology, and society are interwoven and interdependent.

Benchmark SC.H.3.2.1: The student understands that people, alone or in groups, invent new tools to solve problems and do work that affects aspects of life outside of science.

Third Grade

1. understands the relationships between science concepts and the history of science and the contributions of scientists.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Investigating Artifacts, Mystery Festival, Schoolyard Ecology, Secret Formulas

2. uses reference materials to obtain information related to science concepts.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Aquatic Habitats, On Sandy Shores, Schoolyard Ecology

Fourth Grade

1. knows that technologies often have costs, as well as benefits, and can have an enormous effect on people and other living things.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, On Sandy Shores

2. researches and reports on a science topic.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: On Sandy Shores

Fifth Grade

1. knows areas in which technology has improved human lives (for example, transportation, communication, nutrition, sanitation, health care, entertainment).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Bubble-ology, Color Analyzers, Environmental Detectives, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Messages From Space, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean

2. knows that new inventions often lead to other new inventions and ways of doing things.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Bubble-ology, Color Analyzers, Environmental Detectives, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Messages From Space, Ocean Currents

Benchmark SC.H.3.2.2: The student knows that data are collected and interpreted in order to explain an event or concept.

Third Grade

1. knows that data are collected and interpreted in order to explain an event or concept.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Buzzing a Hive, Investigating Artifacts, Liquid Explorations, Mystery Festival, On Sandy Shores, Schoolyard Ecology, Secret Formulas

2. understands that scientific information can be presented in several ways (for example, using numbers and mathematics, drawings, words, graphs, tables).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Investigating Artifacts, Liquid Explorations, Mystery Festival, On Sandy Shores, Schoolyard Ecology, Secret Formulas

Fourth Grade

1. constructs and analyzes graphs, tables, maps, and charts to organize, examine, and evaluate information.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Fingerprinting, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Investigating Artifacts, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Of Cabbages and Chemistry, On Sandy Shores, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone

Fifth Grade

1. selects appropriate graphical representations (for example, graphs, charts, diagrams) to collect, record, and report data.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Bubble-ology, Color Analyzers, Environmental Detectives, Fingerprinting, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Investigating Artifacts, Mapping Animal Movements, Messages From Space, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Of Cabbages and Chemistry, Only One Ocean, Paper Towel Testing, Schoolyard Ecology

Benchmark SC.H.3.2.3: The student knows that before a group of people build something or try something new, they should determine how it may affect other people.

Third Grade


1. understands how scientific discoveries have helped or hindered progress regarding human health and lifestyles.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: On Sandy Shores, Secret Formulas

Fourth Grade


1. uses criteria to understand and analyze the impact of scientific discoveries (for example, determines whether or not scientific claims are backed by sufficient evidence and logical arguments).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Investigating Artifacts, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Of Cabbages and Chemistry, On Sandy Shores, Oobleck, Schoolyard Ecology

Fifth Grade

1. understands how a solution to one scientific problem can create another problem.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Crime Lab Chemistry, Environmental Detectives, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Mapping Animal Movements, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Of Cabbages and Chemistry, Only One Ocean, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing

Benchmark SC.H.3.2.4: The student knows that, through the use of science processes and knowledge, people can solve problems, make decisions, and form new ideas.

Third Grade

1. knows that, through the use of science processes and knowledge, people can solve problems, make decisions, and form new ideas.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Liquid Explorations, Mystery Festival, On Sandy Shores, Schoolyard Ecology, Secret Formulas

Fourth Grade

1. knows ways that, through the use of science processes and knowledge, people can solve problems, make decisions, and form new ideas.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Crime Lab Chemistry, Fingerprinting, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, On Sandy Shores, Oobleck, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone


Fifth Grade

1. extends and refines knowledge of ways that, through the use of science processes and knowledge, people can solve problems, make decisions, and form new ideas.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Bubble-ology, Color Analyzers, Crime Lab Chemistry, Earth, Moon, and Stars, Environmental Detectives, Fingerprinting, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Mapping Animal Movements, Messages From Space, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone

Lawrence Hall of Science    © 2017 UC Regents. All rights reserved.    Contact GEMS    Updated February 06, 2015