GEMS Correlations with the Florida Sunshine State Standards

Grade Level Expectations and Benchmarks for Science
Grades 3-5

Strand D: Processes That Shape the Earth


Return to Sunshine State Standards Page


Standard 1: The student recognizes that processes in the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere interact to shape the Earth.

Benchmark SC.D.1.2.1: The student knows that larger rocks can be broken down into smaller rocks, which in turn can be broken down to combine with organic material to form soil.

Third Grade

1. knows that smaller rocks come from the breaking and weathering of bedrock and larger rocks.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: On Sandy Shores

Fourth Grade

1. understands the stages of the rock cycle.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Stories in Stone

2. knows the properties of different types of soil.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Stories in Stone

Fifth Grade

1. knows that rocks are constantly being formed and worn away.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Environmental Detectives, Stories in Stone

Benchmark SC.D.1.2.2: The student knows that 75 percent of the surface of the Earth is covered by water.

Third Grade

1. knows that approximately 75 percent of the surface of the Earth is covered by water.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: On Sandy Shores

Benchmark SC.D.1.2.3: The student knows that the water cycle is influenced by temperature, pressure, and the topography of the land.

Third Grade

1. understands the stages of the water cycle (for example, evaporation, condensation, precipitation).


Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: On Sandy Shores

1. understands how atmospheric pressure affects the water cycle.

Third Grade

1. understands the processes of weathering and erosion.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: On Sandy Shores

Fourth Grade

1. understands how processes of weathering and erosion constantly change the surface of the Earth.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: On Sandy Shores, Stories in Stone

Fifth Grade

1. understands how eroded materials are transported and deposited over time in new areas to form new features (for example, deltas, beaches, dunes).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Environmental Detectives, Stories in Stone

2. understands that geological features result from the movement of the crust of the Earth (for example, mountains, volcanic islands).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Stories in Stone

Benchmark SC.D.1.2.5: The student knows that some changes in the Earth’s surface are due to slow processes and some changes are due to rapid processes.

Fifth Grade

1. understands how the surface of the Earth is shaped by both slow processes (for example, weathering, erosion, deposition) and rapid, cataclysmic events (for example, earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Stories in Stone, Plate Tectonics

Standard 2: The student understands the need for protection of the natural systems on Earth.

Benchmark SC.D.2.2.1: The student knows that reusing, recycling, and reducing the use of natural resources improve and protect the quality of life.

Third Grade

1. knows that reusing, recycling, and reducing the use of natural resources improve and protect the quality of life.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: On Sandy Shores

Fourth Grade


1. knows ways in which people can conserve natural resources.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, On Sandy Shores

2. knows ways misuse of natural resources affects the quality of life for all species.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: On Sandy Shores

Fifth Grade

1. extends and refines knowledge of ways people can reuse, recycle, and reduce the use of resources to improve and protect the quality of life.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Environmental Detectives, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean

Lawrence Hall of Science    © 2017 UC Regents. All rights reserved.    Contact GEMS    Updated February 06, 2015