GEMS Correlations with the Florida Sunshine State Standards

Grade Level Expectations and Benchmarks for Science
Grades 6–8

Strand A: The Nature of Matter


Return to Sunshine State Standards Page


Standard 1: The student understands that all matter has observable, measurable properties.

Benchmark SC.A.1.3.1: The student identifies various ways in which substances differ (e.g., mass, volume, shape, density, texture, and reaction to temperature and light).

Sixth Grade

1. knows ways in which substances differ (for example, mass, volume, shape, density, texture, reaction to heat and light).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Acid Rain, Bubble Festival, Bubble-ology, Chemical Reactions, Color Analyzers, Convection, Discovering Density, Dry Ice Investigations, Global Warming, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Microscopic Explorations, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Of Cabbages and Chemistry, Oobleck, Stories in Stone

Seventh Grade

1. uses a variety of measurements to describe the physical properties of matter (for example, volume and mass).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Bubble-ology, Discovering Density, Dry Ice Investigations, Global Warming, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Ocean Currents, Paper Towel Testing

Eighth Grade

1. determines the physical properties of matter that can be observed without altering the substance (for example, mass, volume, boiling point, density).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Chemical Reactions, Discovering Density, Dry Ice Investigations, Environmental Detectives, Global Warming, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Ocean Currents, Oobleck, Stories in Stone

2. knows the difference between transparent, translucent, and opaque objects.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Chemical Reactions, Color Analyzers, Dry Ice Investigations, Global Warming, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Stories in Stone

Benchmark SC.A.1.3.2: The student understands the difference between weight and mass.

Sixth Grade

1. understands that mass is the amount of material in an object.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Discovering Density, Ocean Currents

Seventh Grade

1. understands that weight is the result of gravitational pull on an object.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Discovering Density, Moons of Jupiter, Ocean Currents

Eighth Grade

1. understands that weight will vary with the location of the mass in the universe, but the mass will remain constant.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Discovering Density

Benchmark SC.A.1.3.3: The student knows that temperature measures the average energy of motion of the particles that make up the substance.

Sixth Grade

1. understands that increasing the average motion of the particles in a substance increases the temperature of the substance.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Convection, Dry Ice Investigations, Global Warming, Ocean Currents

2. understands that decreasing the average motion of the particles decreases the temperature.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Convection, Dry Ice Investigations, Ocean Currents

3. determines the effect of a change in temperature on common materials (for example, butter, food coloring in water, isopropol alcohol).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Convection, Dry Ice Investigations, Global Warming, Ocean Currents, Stories in Stone

Seventh Grade

1. knows the difference between heat and temperature.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Chemical Reactions, Convection, Global Warming, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight, Ocean Currents

2. knows that relative changes of position and motion of atoms in a solid, liquid, and gas are the result of an increase or decrease in temperature.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Dry Ice Investigations, Global Warming, Ocean Currents

Eighth Grade

1. knows that the average kinetic energy of the atoms or molecules of different objects varies with their temperature.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Dry Ice Investigations

Benchmark SC.A.1.3.4: The student knows that atoms in solids are close together and do not move around easily; in liquids, atoms tend to move farther apart; in gas, atoms are quite far apart and move around freely.

Sixth Grade


1. understands that matter may exist as solids, liquids, and gases.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Acid Rain, Bubble-ology, Chemical Reactions, Convection, Discovering Density, Dry Ice Investigations, Environmental Detectives, Global Warming, Ocean Currents, Oobleck

2. knows that molecular motion increases from solids to liquids to gases.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Dry Ice Investigations

Seventh Grade

1. knows the direction of energy flow when a change in the phase of matter occurs.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Dry Ice Investigations

Eighth Grade

1. understands that changes in energy cause phase changes.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Dry Ice Investigations

Benchmark SC.A.1.3.5: The student knows the difference between a physical change in a substance (e.g., altering the shape, form, volume, or density) and a chemical change (i.e., producing new substances with different characteristics).

Sixth Grade

1. knows the physical properties of various substances.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Bubble Festival, Bubble-ology, Chemical Reactions, Convection, Crime Lab Chemistry, Dry Ice Investigations, Environmental Detectives, Global Warming, Microscopic Explorations, Ocean Currents, Of Cabbages and Chemistry, Oobleck, Stories in Stone

2. knows the chemical properties of various substances.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Acid Rain, Bubble-ology, Chemical Reactions, Environmental Detectives, Global Warming, Of Cabbages and Chemistry

3. knows the difference between a physical and chemical change.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Acid Rain, Chemical Reactions, Dry Ice Investigations, Global Warming, Stories in Stone

Seventh Grade

1. knows that physical changes do not result in new substances.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Chemical Reactions, Dry Ice Investigations, Ocean Currents

2. knows that chemical changes result in new substances with different characteristics.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Bubble-ology, Chemical Reactions

3. knows chemical and physical changes that occur in nature.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Acid Rain, Dry Ice Investigations, Environmental Detectives, Global Warming, Stories in Stone

Eighth Grade

1. knows how to use clues (for example, change in color or form) to determine whether a change is chemical or physical.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Acid Rain, Chemical Reactions, Global Warming

Benchmark SC.A.1.3.6: The student knows that equal volumes of different substances may have different masses.


Sixth Grade

1. knows that equal volumes of different substances may have different masses.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Discovering Density, Ocean Currents

2. uses the water displacement method to find the volume of common items
(for example, rocks, nails, marbles).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Discovering Density, Ocean Currents

Benchmark SC.A.2.3.1: The student describes and compares the properties of particles and waves.

Sixth Grade

2. knows the properties of waves (frequency, amplitude, wavelength).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Bubble Festival, Bubble-ology, Global Warming

3. knows how to compare and contrast the properties of particles and waves.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Global Warming

Seventh Grade

2. knows the relationship between frequency and wavelength (the greater the frequency of the wave, the smaller the wavelength of the wave).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Bubble-ology, Global Warming

Eighth Grade

3. understands the relationship of energy and wavelength to the electromagnetic spectrum.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Color Analyzers

Benchmark SC.A.2.3.3: The student knows that radiation, light, and heat are forms of energy used to cook food, treat diseases, and provide energy.

Sixth Grade

1. knows forms of radiant energy and their applications to everyday life (for example, visible, microwave, radio).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Color Analyzers, Environmental Detectives, Global Warming, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight

Seventh Grade

1. knows uses of radiation, light, and thermal energy to improve the quality of life for human beings (for example, cooking food, treating disease).

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Global Warming, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight

Eighth Grade

1. extends and refines knowledge of uses of forms of energy to improve the quality of life.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher Guides: Global Warming, Hot Water and Warm Homes From Sunlight

Lawrence Hall of Science    © 2017 UC Regents. All rights reserved.    Contact GEMS    Updated February 06, 2015