GEMS Correlations with the
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Science
Grade 5


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Science, Grade 5.
Knowledge and skills.

(1) Scientific processes. The student conducts field and laboratory investigations following home and school safety procedures and environmentally appropriate and ethical practices. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate safe practices during field and laboratory investigations; and

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Bubble Festival, Bubble-ology, Color Analyzers, Crime Lab Chemistry, Earth, Moon, & Stars, Environmental Detectives, Fingerprinting, Hot Water and Warm Homes, Investigating Artifacts, Messages From Space, Microscopic Explorations, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone, Terrarium Habitats

(B) make wise choices in the use and conservation of resources and the disposal or recycling of materials.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Environmental Detectives, Hot Water and Warm Homes, Investigating Artifacts, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Paper Towel Testing, Schoolyard Ecology, Terrarium Habitats

(2) Scientific processes. The student uses scientific methods during field and laboratory investigations. The student is expected to:

(A) plan and implement descriptive and simple experimental investigations including asking well-defined questions, formulating testable hypotheses, and selecting and using equipment and technology;

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Bubble-ology, Hot Water and Warm Homes, Mapping Animal Movements, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing

(B) collect information by observing and measuring;

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Bubble Festival, Bubble-ology, Color Analyzers, Crime Lab Chemistry, Earth, Moon, & Stars, Environmental Detectives, Fingerprinting, Hot Water and Warm Homes, Investigating Artifacts, Messages From Space, Microscopic Explorations, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone, Terrarium Habitats

(C) analyze and interpret information to construct reasonable explanations from direct and indirect evidence;

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Bubble-ology, Color Analyzers, Crime Lab Chemistry, Earth, Moon, & Stars, Environmental Detectives, Fingerprinting, Hot Water and Warm Homes, Investigating Artifacts, Mapping Animal Movements, Messages From Space, Microscopic Explorations, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone, Terrarium Habitats

(D) communicate valid conclusions; and

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Bubble-ology, Crime Lab Chemistry, Earth, Moon, & Stars, Environmental Detectives, Fingerprinting, Hot Water and Warm Homes, Investigating Artifacts, Messages From Space, Microscopic Explorations, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone, Terrarium Habitats

(E) construct simple graphs, tables, maps, and charts using tools including computers to organize, examine, and evaluate information.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Bubble-ology, Color Analyzers, Earth, Moon, & Stars, Environmental Detectives, Fingerprinting, Hot Water and Warm Homes, Investigating Artifacts, Messages From Space, Microscopic Explorations, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Paper Towel Testing, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone

(3) Scientific processes. The student uses critical thinking and scientific problem solving to make informed decisions. The student is expected to:

(A) analyze, review, and critique scientific explanations, including hypotheses and theories, as to their strengths and weaknesses using scientific evidence and information;

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Bubble-ology, Earth, Moon, & Stars, Environmental Detectives, Hot Water and Warm Homes, Investigating Artifacts, Messages From Space, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing, Schoolyard Ecology

(B) draw inferences based on information related to promotional materials for products and services;

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Bubble-ology, Environmental Detectives, Hot Water and Warm Homes, Only One Ocean, Paper Towel Testing

(C) represent the natural world using models and identify their limitations;

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Earth, Moon, & Stars, Environmental Detectives, Moons of Jupiter, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone, Terrarium Habitats

(D) evaluate the impact of research on scientific thought, society, and the environment; and

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Bubble-ology, Earth, Moon, & Stars, Environmental Detectives, Hot Water and Warm Homes, Investigating Artifacts, Messages From Space, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing, Schoolyard Ecology

(E) connect Grade 5 science concepts with the history of science and contributions of scientists.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Bubble-ology, Earth, Moon, & Stars, Environmental Detectives, Fingerprinting, Investigating Artifacts, Messages From Space, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Oobleck

(4) Scientific processes. The student knows how to use a variety of tools and methods to conduct science inquiry. The student is expected to:

(A) collect and analyze information using tools including calculators, microscopes, cameras, sound recorders, computers, hand lenses, rulers, thermometers, compasses, balances, hot plates, meter sticks, timing devices, magnets, collecting nets, and safety goggles; and

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Bubble Festival, Bubble-ology, Color Analyzers, Crime Lab Chemistry, Environmental Detectives, Fingerprinting, Hot Water and Warm Homes, Investigating Artifacts, Messages From Space, Microscopic Explorations, Moons of Jupiter, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone, Terrarium Habitats

(B) demonstrate that repeated investigations may increase the reliability of results.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Animals in Action, Aquatic Habitats, Bubble Festival, Bubble-ology, Crime Lab Chemistry, Environmental Detectives, Hot Water and Warm Homes, Mystery Festival, Ocean Currents, Oobleck, Paper Towel Testing

(5) Science concepts. The student knows that a system is a collection of cycles, structures, and processes that interact. The student is expected to:

(A) describe some cycles, structures, and processes that are found in a simple system; and

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Earth, Moon, & Stars, Environmental Detectives, Messages From Space, Moons of Jupiter, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone, Terrarium Habitats

(B) describe some interactions that occur in a simple system.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Environmental Detectives, Moons of Jupiter, Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone, Terrarium Habitats

(6) Science concepts. The student knows that some change occurs in cycles. The student is expected to:

(A) identify events and describe changes that occur on a regular basis such as in daily, weekly, lunar, and seasonal cycles;

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Earth, Moon, & Stars, Environmental Detectives, Investigating Artifacts, Messages From Space, Moons of Jupiter, Ocean Currents, Schoolyard Ecology, Stories in Stone, Terrarium Habitats

(B) identify the significance of the water, carbon, and nitrogen cycles; and

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Ocean Currents

(C) describe and compare life cycles of plants and animals.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Only One Ocean, Terrarium Habitats

(7) Science concepts. The student knows that matter has physical properties. The student is expected to:

(A) classify matter based on its physical properties including magnetism, physical state, and the ability to conduct or insulate heat, electricity, and sound;

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Microscopic Explorations, Electric Circuits

(B) demonstrate that some mixtures maintain the physical properties of their ingredients;

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Crime Lab Chemistry

(C) identify changes that can occur in the physical properties of the ingredients of solutions such as dissolving sugar in water; and

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Crime Lab Chemistry, Mystery Festival

(D) observe and measure characteristic properties of substances that remain constant such as boiling points and melting points.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: None at this time.

(8) Science concepts. The student knows that energy occurs in many forms. The student is expected to:

(A) differentiate among forms of energy including light, heat, electrical, and solar energy;

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Color Analyzers, Hot Water and Warm Homes

(B) identify and demonstrate everyday examples of how light is reflected, such as from tinted windows, and refracted, such as in cameras, telescopes, and eyeglasses;

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Bubble Festival, Bubble-ology, Color Analyzers, Hot Water and Warm Homes, Microscopic Explorations

(C) demonstrate that electricity can flow in a circuit and can produce heat, light, sound, and magnetic effects; and

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: None at this time.

(D) verify that vibrating an object can produce sound.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: None at this time.

(9) Science concepts. The student knows that adaptations may increase the survival of members of a species. The student is expected to:

(A) compare the adaptive characteristics of species that improve their ability to survive and reproduce in an ecosystem;

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Environmental Detectives, Mapping Animal Movements, Only One Ocean, Schoolyard Ecology, Terrarium Habitats

(B) analyze and describe adaptive characteristics that result in an organism's unique niche in an ecosystem; and

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Environmental Detectives, Mapping Animal Movements, Only One Ocean, Schoolyard Ecology, Terrarium Habitats

(C) predict some adaptive characteristics required for survival and reproduction by an organism in an ecosystem.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Aquatic Habitats, Environmental Detectives, Only One Ocean, Schoolyard Ecology, Terrarium Habitats

(10) Science concepts. The student knows that likenesses between offspring and parents can be inherited or learned. The student is expected to:

(A) identify traits that are inherited from parent to offspring in plants and animals; and

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: None at this time.

(B) give examples of learned characteristics that result from the influence of the environment.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Only One Ocean

(11) Science concepts. The student knows that certain past events affect present and future events. The student is expected to:

(A) identify and observe actions that require time for changes to be measurable, including growth, erosion, dissolving, weathering, and flow;

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Environmental Detectives, Ocean Currents, Stories in Stone

(B) draw conclusions about "what happened before" using data such as from tree-growth rings and sedimentary rock sequences; and

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Investigating Artifacts, Stories in Stone

(C) identify past events that led to the formation of the Earth's renewable, non-renewable, and inexhaustible resources.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Ocean Currents, Only One Ocean

(12) Science concepts. The student knows that the natural world includes earth materials and objects in the sky. The student is expected to:

(A) interpret how land forms are the result of a combination of constructive and destructive forces such as deposition of sediment and weathering;

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Stories in Stone

(B) describe processes responsible for the formation of coal, oil, gas, and minerals;

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Stories in Stone

(C) identify the physical characteristics of the Earth and compare them to the physical characteristics of the moon; and

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Messages From Space

(D) identify gravity as the force that keeps planets in orbit around the Sun and the moon in orbit around the Earth.

Appropriate GEMS Teacher's Guides: Earth, Moon, & Stars; Messages From Space

Lawrence Hall of Science    © 2014 UC Regents. All rights reserved.    Contact GEMS    Updated June 20, 2011